These are the tools I use: Calipers K&M Neck turning tool VLD Chamfer Tool Head Space Gauge Neck Expander Die Primer Flash Hole Deburring Tool Case Body Resizing/Headspace Die Primer Pocket Reamer Outside Neck Chamfer Tool I'm using brand new Winchester 7wsm brass. First I run them through the body resizing die so the headspace will be consistent. This die does not touch the neck. I check headspace in the headspace gauge. Next I run them through the neck expanding die using plenty of wax. After the necks are expanded I trim to a case length of 2.09" +/-0.0005". Consistent neck length affects bullet tension. After they're all trimmed and deburred on the outside I turn the outside of the necks to 0.0015". Again this aids in consistent neck/bullet runout and bullet tension. Next I chamfer the primer flash hole for consistent ignition and ream the primer pocket. The final steps are resizing the necks with my bushing die, chamfering the inside of the necks with the VLD Chamfer tool, cleaning excess wax out with a Q-Tip, and brushing the inside/outside neck plus shoulder with a 3M stripping pad. Since this is new brass and my chamber throat has eroded slightly I will need to measure cartridge base to ogive length. I will be conducting another Optimum Charge Weight (OCW) with H1000 powder loads of 65.0, 65.3, 65.6, and 65.9 grains. Velocities with Berger 180 grain Hunting VLD should be around 2,860 to 2925 fps. I'll post results once I make it to the farm to shoot these.